5 Ways To Treat Delayed Puberty
Puberty is the process that involves physical changes that a child undergoes to transition from childhood to adulthood. In boys, they experience voice change, pubic hairs, penis enlargement, and rapid general body growth, which occurs between the age of 9 years to 14 years.
On the other hand, girls experience puberty earlier than boys at the age of 8 to 13 years. In most cases, they will witness breast development, growth of pubic hairs, periods, wider hips, increase in height, and vaginal discharge. However, some kids fail to experience these signs in both genders within the expected age range, a condition known as delayed puberty. Several factors can cause this condition. They include:
- Chronic Illnesses
- Genetic disorders
- Pituitary gland problems
- Abnormal reproductive system
- Hormones deficiency
- Extreme exercises
Luckily, there are various ways delayed puberty is diagnosed through blood tests, X-rays, CT scans, and physical examination. And oftenly, doctors will find nothing is wrong with the kid, just that they are late bloomers. But if the physician sees the need to manage these conditions, there are several treatments they can suggest for your teenager. Here are some of the proven ways to treat delayed puberty.
1. Hormonal Therapy
During puberty, the body increases the production of certain hormones that play an essential role in causing physical changes. In boys, testosterone is the primary hormone that leads to voice deepening, a bigger body and muscles, and increased facial hair. It also assists the testis in producing fertile sperms, which means the teenager can make a female pregnant in case of a sexual encounter.
So, if your teenage boy is experiencing delayed puberty, you can buy testosterone enanthate, a hormone therapy that will help secondary sexual features to occur. It will make them regain their self-esteem and live a social life, increasing their school productivity. In fact, a 2019 review shows that testosterone therapy is the foundation of treating delayed puberty.
When it comes to girls, delayed puberty is associated with low estrogen levels. This hormone prepares teenagers for reproduction and causes their bodies to mature. After the teenager reaches the normal puberty age, the pituitary gland, located under the brain, produces two hormones, the luteinizing hormone and follicle hormone, which stimulate the ovaries to start making estrogen. Therefore, if your teenage girl is experiencing delayed puberty, hormone therapy by receiving estrogen injections or patches can help them mature on time.
2. Eating a Healthy Diet
Eating is essential for the human body since it provides nutrients needed for growth. However, some people have eating disorders such as anorexia which affects their physical and mental well-being. The condition also impacts puberty because it disrupts hormones and lowers bone mass, leading to stunted growth.
According to research, the report shows that anorexia suppresses brain molecules that play a role in activating the reproductive system. As a result, the teenager will experience delayed puberty, thus failing to show the physical features at the expected age.
To avoid unhealthy eating habits that can affect puberty, the teenager should undergo mental healthcare since these conditions are psychological. Further, nutritional supplements, medications, and medical tests from a qualified physician can also treat delayed puberty.
3. Exercising Moderately
Exercising is vital for individuals of all ages. It helps them maintain a healthy weight, manage stress, and avoid chronic diseases such as diabetes. For teenagers, physical activity can assist them in having more control of their bodies.
While exercising is good for the body, extreme exercise can negatively impact teenager growth, leading to delayed puberty. One study shows that the energy drained during extreme physical inactivity can affect the hypothalamic-pituitary, which has a role in puberty. Therefore, it is important to do moderate exercises that cannot have an adverse effect on your health.
4. Managing Chronic illnesses causing Delayed Puberty
Chronic diseases such as diabetes and cystic fibrosis can cause delayed puberty. This is because of the recurrent infections, eating disorders, anemia, and other miscellaneous abnormalities such individuals have to deal with. The degree to which the growth is affected depends on the chronic illness one has since some conditions are severe and others moderate.
So, if an individual has been suffering from chronic diseases affecting their growth, managing them might help treat delayed puberty. It will allow the body to develop and cause the physical changes expected in adolescents.
5. Surgery to Correct the Reproductive System
Although rare, abnormalities in the reproductive system can cause delayed puberty. Oftenly, individuals are born with conditions that are not detectable until they experience stunted growth during their adolescent stage. Undergoing surgery can correct the organs and help individuals have normal changes based on their age.
Delayed puberty is a normal phenomenon in the current world due to the contemporary lifestyle. Most teenagers experience this condition, and it negatively affects their social life. Fortunately, delayed puberty can be treated in various ways. However, always consult your doctor before trying any treatment to avoid causing further damage to your body.